“Beauty is not in the flower itself, but in the heart of the beholder.”
I love these words. most people think of passion and love when they see a red rose. In a white rose we see purity, for me I feel love and friendship when I see the yellow one. Looking at flowers especially roses makes me feel happy, sometimes relaxed and comfortable. I try to capture the beauty of roses through my lenses. All photos are taken at Nirmala tea plantation, at Taman Nasional Gunung Halimun Salak, Indonesia.
- Division: Magnoliophyta
- Class : Magnoliopsida
- Order : Rosales
- Family : Rosaceae.
Rosa occurs indigenously in the north temperate zone and in tropical mountain areas, usually as erect or climbing shrubs with five-petaled fragrant flowers. Sometimes the foliage also is fragrant, as in the European sweerbrier, or eglantine.
From many of the wild species have been developed the large number of cultivated varieties and hybrids having single or double blossoms that range in color from white and yellow to many shades of pink and red.
Since many species are highly variable and hybridize easily, the classification of Rosa is sometimes difficult, and the wild type of some modern forms is not always known.
The rose has been a favorite flower in many lands since prehistoric times. It appears in the earliest art, poetry, and tradition. It has been used in innumerable ways in decoration.
The rose is the emblem of England and the national flower of the United States.
In ancient Rome, the rose, the flower of Venus, was the badge of the sacred prostitutes. The rose additionally symbolized silence.
Eros, in Greek mythology, presents a rose to the god of silence. Things spoken under the rose or sub rosa were the secrets of Venus’ sexual mysteries, later generalized to refer to keeping any secret.
The use of red and white roses symbolized the sexually active and virginal goddess respectively and set the stage for the later Christian sexual symbolism possessed by the rose.
That symbolism survives today in the predominate use of roses at weddings and as gifts for Valentine’s Day.
In Christian Rome it was the custom to bless the rose on a certain Sunday, called Rose Sunday. The custom of blessing the golden rose came into vogue about the eleventh century.
The golden rose thus consecrated was given to princes as a mark of the Roman pontiffs’ favor. The Christian use of the older rose symbolism achieved its most artistic expression in the rose windows of the medieval cathedrals.Sources: See the American Rose Annual, issued by the American Rose Society; R. Genders, The Rose: A Complete Handbook (1965); S. M. Gault and P. M. Synge, The Dictionary of Roses in Color (1971). Walker, Barbara. The Woman’s Encyclopedia of Myths and Secrets. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1983. Wilkins, Eithne. The Rose-Garden Game. London: Victor Gallancz, 1969.